Transport and logistics

    3.01: Transport and logistics as a 9-month domain

    Throughout 2018, IdemoLab focused on how sensor technologies and smart devices can support the digitalisation of transportation and logistics in Danish businesses. Today, logistics and supply chain management are global affairs for many businesses, with products and goods crossing national borders on land, by sea, and in the air, in a large network of suppliers, producers, freight services, warehouses, distributors, retailers, and customers. The benefits of an optimised transport and logistics operation are immense, and additionally serve to make Danish businesses more competitive by reducing expenses and increasing transparency in logistics, by means of data collection.

    Transportation and logistics thus encompass a complex network of stakeholders that have been demanding further segmentation in order to improve focus. Thanks to FORCE Technology’s existing in-depth knowledge from the maritime sector, these activities have been particularly focused on how Internet of Things (IoT) sensors and smart devices can provide support for the operational and environmental challenges of maritime transportation and logistics, both currently and in the future. In addition, there have been activities centred around the monitoring of supply chains through a demonstration project. Furthermore, special attention has been given to how Danish e-commerce businesses can work with IoT and smart things in their supply chains through a knowledge-sharing arrangement in co-operation with Dansk Erhverv.

    Maritime transportation and logistics: Network building, knowledge sharing, and industry studies

    One key activity has involved assembling a partner group. These partners consist not only of stakeholders from the maritime sector, but also special interest organisations, innovation networks, academic institutions, and businesses, in order to collect a wide array of knowledge and input from industry actors.

    This partner group has served primarily as an environment for discussion regarding possible focal points in the maritime sector that present opportunities for digitalisation, such as through data collection, sensor technologies, supply chain monitoring, etc. Our partners have submitted input regarding domain-specific issues that could serve as the foundation for co-operative work, overlapping projects with other initiatives, and so on. In March, together with Rainmaking Loft, IdemoLab also held the ongoing event Bits & Beers with maritime as a theme, at Pier47.

    Challenges

    Both when discussing IoT and transport/logistics, as well as supply chains, we are faced with a complex ecosystem of technologies and networks of industry actors. This becomes even more challenging when we discuss the maritime sector specifically, encompassing operations on land and at sea alike, in addition to a complex network of subcontractors that crosses national borders and cultures. This may contribute to the complexity of getting started in the sector. In general, Danish Shipping has observed that at sea, innovation drivers are often fostered by the ever-increasing demands made by environmental legislation, which require more efficient operations at sea. On land, there is often a demand for more efficient logistics.

    Industry study: New technologies and “smart” things in the maritime sector

    In light of these insights, there is a need to investigate the industry’s readiness for digitalisation and its general attitudes about which areas industry actors themselves consider to be strong candidates for digitalisation. Thus, in partnership with Danish Shipping, IdemoLab conducted research with members of Danish Shipping regarding the future of the maritime sector. Read the report here. 

    Demo case: Medican

    Advanced supply chain monitoring is in high demand for many businesses, since it makes it possible to gain deep insights into the conditions through which products travel as they make their way through a supply chain. Access to advanced, real-time data from sensor nodes placed near products gives Danish businesses significant competitive advantages in a market where transparency and data are transitioning from being an extra service to being demanded by customers.

    Medican is a business that produces medicinal cannabis. The product is harvested and then packed
    into plastic tubs, which are subsequently packed into cardboard boxes. The boxes are transported from their facilities in North Zealand to be picked up as prescriptions throughout Europe. FORCE Technology has developed a prototype consisting of sensor nodes that can measure moisture and temperature conditions in the cardboard boxes, as well as a base station that receives information from the sensors via Bluetooth, sending out data wirelessly by GSM every 30 minutes. The base station also measures vibration and chock on the pallet used to transport the cardboard boxes. Additionally, the base station reports the GPS co-ordinates of the pallet’s position. A test of this system was conducted to determine its technical feasibility and grant insight into Medican’s need for real-time data collection.

    IoT opportunities for transport and logistics in e-commerce businesses: A partnership with Dank Erhverv

    In October, together with Dansk Erhverv, IdemoLab held an event titled “E-commerce: Design smart things for your supply chain”. The event focused on discovering opportunities to implement new, intelligent technologies in transportation and logistics as an e-commerce business in Denmark. There were two parts to the event: Firstly, knowledge-sharing case studies were presented by Saxo.com and Maersk Digital, exemplifying their own work with smart things. Secondly, IdemoLab facilitated a workshop in which participants mapped out some of the major challenges facing Danish e-commerce businesses in terms of smart devices and new technologies. You can see the results from the workshop here.


    DANSK VERSION

    3.01: Transport og logistik som et 9-måneders domæne

    Gennem 2018 har IdemoLab fokuseret på, hvordan sensorteknologier og smart devices kan understøtte digitaliseringen af transport og logistik leddet for danske virksomheder. Logistik og supply chain management er i dag et globalt anliggende for mange virksomheder, hvor varer og produkter krydser landegrænser til land, til vands og i luften i et stort aktør-netværk af leverandører, producenter, fragt, lager, distributører, detail og kunder. Gevinsterne ved optimering af transport og logistik forholdene er enorme og sikrer samtidig danske virksomheder bedre konkurrenceevne via omkostningsreduktion og større gennemsigtighed i logistik leddet via dataopsamling.

    Transport og logistik inkluderer således et komplekst netværk af aktører, der har krævet yderligere segmentering for bedre fokus. Grundet FORCE Technologys eksisterende dybe viden inden for den maritime sektor har aktiviteterne særligt fokuseret på, hvordan sensor -og smart device delen af Internet of Things (IoT) kan være med til at styrke de driftsmæssige, miljømæssige og operative udfordringer maritim transport og logistik har, og har udsigt til i fremtiden. Foruden dette har der ligeledes været centrale aktiviteter omkring avanceret monitorering af forsyningskæder, gennem et demonstrationsprojekt. Ydermere et et særligt fokus på, hvordan danske E-handelsvirksomheder kan arbejde med IoT, intelligens og smart things i deres forsyningskæde gennem et videnspredningsarrangement arrangeret i partnerskab med Dansk Erhverv.

    Maritim transport og logistik: Netværksopbygning, videnspredning og branchestudie

    En central aktivitet har været at samle en partnerkreds bestående af interessenter fra den maritime sektor såsom interesseorganisationer, innovationsnetværk, videninstitutioner samt operationelle virksomheder for at opnå bredt favnende viden og aktør-input.

    Partnerkredsen har primært fungeret som sparring til mulige nedslagspunkter i den maritime sektor, der kunne agere omdrejningspunkt for nye digitaliseringspotentialer gennem dataopsamling, sensorteknologier, monitorering af forsyningskæde etc. Hertil har partnere leveret input til domænespecifikke problemstillinger potentiale for samarbejde, projektoverlap med andre initiativer etc. I samarbejde med Rainmaking Loft afholdte IdemoLab desuden vores velkendte Bits n’ Beers arrangement med temaet “Maritime” hos Pier47 i marts.

    Udfordringer

    Både når man taler IoT og Transport/logisitk samt supply chain beskæftiger man sig med et komplekst økosystem af teknologier og aktør-netværk. Endnu mere udfordrende bliver det i en skala, hvor man taler om “den maritime sektor”, som både omfatter operationen på land, til søs og et komplekst netværk af underleverandører på tværs af landegrænser og kulturer, hvilket måske bidrager til kompleksiteten omkring “at komme i gang”. Generelt set erfarer Danske Rederier at innovations-driveren til søs ofte fostres af de konstant højnede krav i miljølovgivningen, der kræver driftsmæssig effektivisering til søs. På land er der ofte tale om efterspørgsel på effektivisering af logistik leddet.

    Branchestudie: Nye teknologier og smart things i den maritime sektor

    Båret af denne indsigt har det været nødvendig at undersøge branchens digitaliseringsparathed og generelle holdning til, hvilke områder aktørerne selv anskuer som værende stærke digitale indsatsområder. Sammen med Danske Rederier udarbejdede IdemoLab derfor en undersøgelse blandt Danske Rederiers medlemmer vedrørende fremtidens maritime sektor. Læs rapporten her. 

    Democase: Medican

    Avanceret monitorering af forsyningskæder er eftertragtet for mange virksomheder i det det muliggør dyb indsigt i, under hvilke forhold produktet har rejst under transporten i forsyningskæden. Adgang til avanceret, real time data fra sensornoder placeret tæt på produktet giver danske virksomheder store konkurrencefordele i et marked hvor transparens og data bevæger sig fra at være en ekstra service til et krav fra kunderne.

    Medican er en virksomhed, der opdyrker medicinsk cannabis. Produktet høstes, pakkes
    i plasticbøtter, som ydermere pakkes i papkasser og fragtes fra deres faciliteter i nordsjælland til afhentning på recept rundt omkring i Europa. FORCE Technology har udviklet en prototype bestående af sensornoder, der kan måle fugt -og temperaturforhold i selve papkassen samt en basestation, der udover at modtage information fra sensorerne via bluetooth og sender trådløse datapakker via GSM hver 30. minut, også måler vibration og chok på selve pallen, som papkasserne fragtes på. Sidstnævnte enhed sender ligeledes GPS kordinator om pallens position. En test af systemet er blevet udført for at teste teknisk feasibility og skabe indsigt i Medicans behov for dataopsamling i real-time.

    IoT muligheder for E-handelsvirksomhedes transport og logistikled: Et samarbejde med Dansk Erhverv

    I samarbejde med Dansk Erhverv afholdte IdemoLab arrangementet “E-Commerce: Design smart things for your supply chain” i oktober. Arrangmentet tog udgangspunkt i at afdække mulighederne for at implementere intelligens og nye teknologier i transport og logistik leddet som E-handelsvirksomhed i Danmark. Arrangementet bestod af to dele: Videndelende casestudies fra Saxo.com og Maersk Digital om deres individuelle arbejde med smart things. Efterfølgende fulgte en workshop, hvor deltagerne udarbejdede en kortlægning over nogle af de største udfordringer for danske E-handelsvirksomheder, der vedrører smart devices og ny teknologi. Resultatet af workshoppen kan tilgås her.

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